As usual an excellent report by ACAPS





The humanitarian situation in Ukraine deteriorated significantly following the Russian military offensive beginning 24 February, which has resulted in more than 690 civilians killed and over 1,130 injured, over 3 million people displaced to neighbouring countries including PolandHungary, Romania, Moldova and Slovakia, and over 1.9 million  people internally displaced as at 15 March.? Heavy fighting is reported throughout the country, particularly in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Kherson, Mariupol, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Donetsk, Luhansk, and Sumy. Shelling and heavy artillery has led to severe damage of buildings and infrastructure such as roads, water, sanitation, and electricity.? The population is in urgent need of food, water, medical care, shelter, and protection. Humanitarian access is extremely constrained in areas affected by ongoing clashes.?



OVERVIEW - Taken directly from the full ACAPS document (with references removed), which can be read and downloaded from ACAPS

Conflict has been affecting people’s lives and driving humanitarian needs in eastern Ukraine, particularly in Donbas region,
since 2014. One consequence has been the separation of the country into the government-controlled areas (GCAs) and
the non-government-controlled areas (NGCAs) with a 427km-long contact line, where most security incidents between
government and non-government forces occur.

There are five crossing points along the line, but only two are operational. The other three have been closed since March 2020 because of COVID-19 containment measures. Both COVID-19 measures and insecurity result in movement restrictions, limiting access to basic services, livelihood activities, and aid. As at January 2022, about 2.9 million people have humanitarian needs, with 1.6 million people coming from NGCAs.There are over 1.46 million registered IDPs. This number includes those who regularly cross the contact line to be registered as IDPs, which is a requirement to continue receiving pensions.

Recent developments pose a risk of ceasefire failure and conflict re-escalation, which could change the humanitarian situation in the country. From the end of 2021 to early 2022, over 100,000 Russian troops were deployed to the borders of Ukraine, both with eastern Russia and Belarus. There are reports of mutual military preparedness from Ukraine and Russia and the deployment of Russian troops.

In case of any form of escalation of political or military tensions, civilian casualties, displacement, acute humanitarian needs, damages to infrastructure and public facilities, and access constraints are likely to increase. The degree of humanitarian impact, resulting additional needs, and the primary areas affected will vary depending on the form and time frame of escalation.

The full report can be read and downloaded from ACAPS